Blog Archive

September 16, 2017

Cassava and Vietnam: Now and Then


CASSAVA AND VIETNAM: NOW AND THEN

Hoàng Kim.

First, we can show some pictures is the latest record of cassava cultivation on four months after planting in the field in Phu Yen in August 2017. Then, we can learn from Dr. Claude M. Fauquest, Dr. Reinhardt Howeler and Professor Kazuo Kawano, the leading experts on international cassava, commented on cassava in Vietnam. Finally, we can read on the subject "Cassava conservation and sustainable development in Vietnam: an overview and direction"; “Achievements of research and development of cassava in Vietnam of 1975-2017"; "Cassava conservation and sustainable development in Vietnam: a key study in DakLak province in Central Highland"; "Cassava conservation and sustainable development in Vietnam: a key study in Phu Yen province in South Central Coast".

We learn more questions on cassava and root crops and tell them where to learn more…


On 21 -25 August, 2017, Dr. Claude M. Fauquet, Director of the Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21), who cassava trip in Vietnam, do a road trip for five days to visit four key provinces and city Dong Nai, Ho Chi Minh city, DakLak, and Phu Yen. We look at cassava research and production and processing and shared meeting with presentations and discussions on collaboration between GCP21, CIAT and IAS, NLU for the ‘Cassava Conservation and Sustainable Development in Vietnam’.

"I have learned a great deal about cassava in Vietnam and I have a better view of what the near future will be in your country! The road from Daklak to Phu Yen was indeed very interesting and the cassava plantations are quite impressive. I was also quite interested to see the decline in cassava plantations with the competition with sugarcane and pepper, that is quite a concern! And the future will tell us what will happen. And thanks for organizing the visit to the village with the vice-king of cassava and his colleagues, very interesting and very enthusiastic lunch! I hope that his example will teach other farmers to adopt new varieties and that you can help in the process". Dr. Claude said.

After cassa trip in Vietnam. Dr. Claude send email to Dr. Hoang Kim and VNCP group:

"Hoang, I am coming to you, because you know everything in Vietnam and therefore you can probably advise on the next phase.
In our exchange of information prior to my visit, I said that the outcome of such visit was mostly unpredictable, and I believe now that the outcome could be to set-up a regional task force to control CMD in the region!
The following points are clear to me:
1.   The disease is now spreading quickly; mid 2016 the infection was located in a few places in Cambodia and now it is in 5 provinces in East Cambodia and at least one in Vietnam.
2.   The disease is mostly spread by cuttings, although whiteflies are present they play for now a minor, but important role.
3.   There are several initiatives that have been taken; JIICA, CIAT, FAO, ACIAR, but none at the level required to control the disease.
4.   We need to set-up a regional project simply because viruses do not know about borders and there is a lot of traffic of cuttings, at least Cambodia-Vietnam.
5.   Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam should all be enrolled in the plan.
6.   GCP21 could serve as a catalyzer to promote the development of this regional plan.
I have contacted all parties, including Thailand (TTDI and KU), waiting for more comments. So far the idea is shared by many people.
My question to you are:
·     Do you share my views about the necessity of the regional plan?
·     Who are the very key Vietnamese institutions and persons in Vietnam who should be involved in the preparation of such plan.
·     Is there anybody in charge of CMD in Vietnam to collect and centralize samples, information…
Many thanks

Claude M. Fauquet,
Director of the Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21)

See more ...
Video nhạc tuyển

FIGHTING CASSAVA VIRUSES WITH NANOPORE SEQUENCING from Laura Boykin on Vimeo.

Bài ca thời gian

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December 22, 2015

Cassava conservation and sustainable development in Vietnam





  Hoang Kim[1], Nguyen Thi Truc Mai[2], Nguyen Bach Mai[3] and Reinhardt Howeler[4]

ABSTRACT

The project entitled “Vietnam Cassava Conservation and Sustainable Development” has been very successful, as indicated by the results of trials and demonstrations conducted in Tay Ninh, Dak Lak, Phu Yen and Dong Nai provinces, where farmers using the improved technologies and practices boosted cassava yields from 8.5 t/ha to 36 t/ha - a more than four fold increase.


During the period from 1975 to 2015 cassava has become the third most important food crop in Vietnam, after rice and maize. In 2013 the cassava area in Vietnam reached 544,300 ha, with a production of 9.74 million tonnes, and an average yield of 17.9 t/ha. Within Asia, Vietnam is now the third largest cassava producer, after Thailand and Indonesia. Between 1975 and 2000, cassava yields in the country ranged from 6 to 8 t/ha, and the crop was grown mainly for human food and animal feeding.
This changed markedly with the introduction by CIAT in 1988 of some high-yielding breeding lines and varieties from Thailand. Two varieties, Rayong 60 and KU 50, were selected for release in 1993 and 1995 and were named KM60 and KM94, respectively. During the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st Century, Vietnam produced several new cassava varieties, initially mainly selections from sexual seed from Thailand and CIAT, such as KM95-3, SM937-26, KM98-1, KM98-7, but our breeders also made crosses that resulted in the release of the latest new varieties: KM140, KM98-5, KM419 and others. The breeding and adoption of new varieties as well as the development and adoption of more sustainable production practices resulted in a complete transformation of cassava, from a poor man’s food crop to a highly profitable industrial crop. More recently, new advances in cassava cultivation techniques have focused on key demonstration sites in the provinces of Tay Ninh, Dak Lak and Phu Yen using mainly KM419 as a very promising short-duration cassava variety with a fresh root yield of about 35-55 t/ha (28% higher than KM94) and a starch content of about 28-31%. This and other new varieties, together with new advances in cassava cultivation techniques, have yielded spectacular results in trials organized in those three provinces.

The Vietnam National Cassava Program (VNCP) has introduced various methodologies, named “6M” and “10T”, as well as Farmer Participatory Research (FPR), as collaborative experiences that helped to bring advanced technologies into production for millions of poor farmers. This included the s
election of high-yielding varieties and the testing and selection by farmers of locally appropriate technologies. Cassava in Vietnam has great potential but also faces big challenges. At the national level, cassava has become one of the main export crops, which has provided for millions of smallholders an opportunity to increase their yields and improve their standard of living.

Key words:
Cassava, production, utilization, cultivation techniques, achievements, lessons and  challenges, conservation, sustainable development, Vietnam.


Báo Nông nghiệp Việt Nam: Giới thiệu 5 giống sắn mới 
Tuyển chọn 4 giống sắn mới;  Thu hoạch sắn ở Phú Yên


Cassava in Vietnam: Save and Grow, PhuYen


Cassava in Vietnam: Save and Grow DakLak video 1  2, 3
Cassava in Vietnam: Save and Grow, Tay Ninh, video 1



[1] Nong Lam University (NLU), Linh Trung, Thu Duc, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam;
2 Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry (HUAF), 102 Phung Hung, Hue, Vietnam;
3 Tay Nguyen University (TNU), 567 Le Duan - Buon Ma Thuot , Dak Lak , Vietnam;
  maithuyantam@gmail.com 
4 CIAT-Emeritus; r.howeler@cgiar.org









Farmer field day in Dong Xuan, Phu Yen: one of 10T

Bài viết mới trên Tình yêu cuộc sống
Video yêu thích
KimYouTube

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November 27, 2014

New result of developing the cassava variety KM419



Hoang Kim1, Tran Ngoc Ngoan2, Nguyen Thi Truc Mai4, Nguyen Bach Mai5, Vo Van Quang3, Nguyen Phuong1, Hoang Long3, Nguyen Minh Cuong1, Dao Trọng Tuan1, Nguyen Thi Le Dung1, Tran Cong Khanh3, Nguyen Minh Hieu2, Nguyen Van Bo6,  Nguyen Thị Cach4, Nguyen Trong Hien6, Le Huy Ham7, Hernan Ceballos8, Manabu Ishitani8

1) 
Nong Lam University  (NLU); 2) Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry (TUAF); 3) Institute of Agricultural Science for Southern Vietnam (IAS); 4)
Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry (HUAF); 5) Tay Nguyen University (TNU); 6) Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VAAS); 7) Agricutural Genetics Institute (AGI); 8) Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)


Summary


The cassava variety KM 419 was developed from the cross combination BKA900 x KM 98-5.  KM 419 has the advantage of short duration  with fresh root yield 34.9 – 54.9  ton/ ha (higher than KM 94 about 27.7- 29.6% ), good root shape with white flesh, high adaptability to various production conditions, starch content 27,8 - 30,7%, starch yield about 10,1 -15,8 ton/ha and root dry matter content about 15,6-21,6 ton/ha for 7-10 months after planting ( KM94 starch content 26,0-28,3 %, starch yield about 6,4- 9,5 ton/ha and root dry matter content about 9,0- 13,2 ton/ha for 9-11 months after planting). KM419 was moderately susceptible to cassava bacterial blight. Production area of KM419 in the Tây Ninh, Dong Nai, Dak Lak, Phu Yen in 2013 was up to more than 50,000 ha. KM419 was proposed by the Nong Lam University in Ho Chi Minh city (NLU) and Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry to be main production in the Southeast, Central Highland, North and South Central Coast and Northeast & Northwest of Vietnam.


Key words: Cassava  KM419, high starch yield, cassava breeding, Vietnam.


Kết quả chọn tạo và phát triển giống sắn KM419


Hoàng Kim1, Trần Ngọc Ngoạn2, Nguyễn Thị Trúc Mai4, Nguyễn Bạch Mai5, Võ Văn Quang3, Nguyễn Phương1, Hoàng Long3, Nguyễn Minh Cường1, Đào Trọng Tuấn1, Nguyễn Thị Lệ Dung1, Trần Công Khanh3, Nguyễn Minh Hiếu2, Nguyễn Văn Bộ6,  Nguyễn Thị Cách4, Nguyễn Trọng Hiển6, Lê Huy Hàm7, Hernan Ceballos8, Manabu Ishitani8


    Trong sách: Bộ Nông nghiệp và Phát triển Nông thôn, Trung tâm Khuyến nông Quốc gia. Diễn đàn Khuyến nông và Nông nghiệp lần thứ 18. Chuyên đề: Một số giải pháp phát triển sắn bền vững. Tây Ninh ngày 26-8-2013, trang 58-83 . Kết quả mới phát triển giống sắn KM419 đã lưu và bổ sung thông tin ứng dụng giống sắn mới KM419 và chuyển giao kỹ thuật thâm canh sắn bền vững. 


Tóm tắt

Giống sắn KM 419 được chọn tạo từ tổ hợp lai BKA900 x KM 98-5. Đặc điểm giống: thời gian sinh trưởng 7-10 tháng, năng suất củ tươi 34,9-54,9 tấn / ha (vượt 27,7- 29.6% so với KM94), hàm lượng tinh bột 27,8 - 30,7%, năng suất tinh bột 10,1 -15,8 tấn /ha, năng suất sắn lát khô 15,6-21,6 tấn/ha (so với KM94 hàm lượng tinh bột 25,0- 28,4 %, năng suất tinh bột 6,4-9,5 tấn/ ha, năng suất sắn lát khô 6,4-9,5 tấn/ha). Giống sắn KM419 có chiều cây cao vừa phải, thân thẳng, tán gọn, nhặt mắt, lá xanh đậm, ngọn xanh, cọng phớt đỏ, dạng củ đồng đều, thịt củ màu trắng, rất thích hợp với chế biến và thị trường, nhiễm nhẹ đến trung bình bệnh cháy lá. Giống sắn KM419 đã được khảo nghiệm cơ bản, khảo nghiệm sản xuất và phát triển rộng tại Tây Ninh, Đồng Nai, Đắk Lắk, Phú Yên,… được nông dân các địa phương ưa chuộng và phát triển nhanh trong sản xuất với tên gọi sắn giống cao sản siêu bột Nông Lâm. Đặc biệt tại tỉnh Tây Ninh, KM419 là giống sắn chủ lực được trồng trên 50% diện tích sắn của toàn tỉnh mang lại bội thu năng suất và hiệu quả cao về kinh tế xã hội. Giống sắn KM419 được Trường Đại học Nông Lâm thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, Trường Đại học Nông Lâm Thái Nguyên, cùng với các Sở Nông nghiệp Phát triển Nông thôn Tây Ninh, Đồng Nai, Đắk Lắk, Phú Yên đề nghị đặc cách công nhận giống chính thức, định hướng ưu tiên sử dụng cho vùng Đông Nam Bộ, Tây Nguyên, Duyên hải Nam Trung Bộ, Duyên hải Bắc Trung Bộ  và vùng trung du miền núi phía Bắc. 


Từ khóa: giống sắn KM419,  cao sản siêu bột Nông Lâm, chọn tạo giống sắn

Đọc toàn văn ở đây

http://cayluongthuc.blogspot.com/2013/09/ket-qua-chon-tao-va-phat-trien-giong.html


Video yêu thích


Cassava in Vietnam: Save and Grow Tây Ninh hướng đến thâm canh cây mì bền vững



Cassava in Vietnam: Save and Grow  Đăk Lăk  hướng đến thâm canh sắn bền vững

Đăk Lăk  hướng đến thâm canh sắn bền vững (2)

Đăk Lăk  hướng đến thâm canh sắn bền vững (3)

http://www.youtube.com/user/hoangkimvietnam


Congrats! Claude Fauquet 2 years since this November at CIAT. Greeting from hoangkimvietnam. Remember you. From GLOBAL CASSAVA PARTNERSHIPS GCP1 “Cassava : Meeting the Chalenges of the New Millennium” July 21-25, 2008 IPBO – Ghent University – Belgium to "New result of developing the cassava variety KM419 in Vietnam, (Field day Nov 26, 2014 at Thai Hoa, Nghe An, Vietnam ) http://cassavaviet.blogspot.com 


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October 17, 2014

VAAS and CIAT: Advancing Agricultural Research in Vietnam and South East Asia

FOOD CROPS. The Vietnam Academic of Agricultural Science - VAAS  and The International Center for Tropical Agriculture's  - CIAT jointly organize the event on “Advancing Agricultural Research in Vietnam and South East Asia” at the Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI) on 29 May, 2014 . This event  is a great opportunity to showcase the considerable progress made in the field of agricultural research by CIAT’s team and VAAS's cassava team and hear about the strategic importance of CIAT in Asia and Vietnam. You can see some papers of the expert meeting here.



CIAT in Asia and Vietnam – An External Perspective, Dr. Nguyen Van Bo, President, VAAS



o   ILCMB VAAS CIAT (Phòng Thí nghiệm Quốc tế Chọn giống Phân tử Sắn)

o   RCRDC VAAS CIAT

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